Tribhuvan International Airport sees lowest passenger traffic since 2003

George T. Taft

Kathmandu, Jan. 18 — International passenger traffic at Kathmandu’s Tribhuvan International Airport in 2020 fell to its lowest level since 2003, illustrating Covid-19’s devastating impact on air travel.

According to airport statistics, 1.10 million international travellers passed through Tribhuvan International, a 73.29 percent plunge from the previous year. This translates into a loss of 3.03 million passengers in one year.

Aircraft movements also dropped to a 17-year low of 10,247 takeoffs and landings, representing a steep 68.41 percent fall from the year before.

On March 12 last year, one day after the World Health Organisation declared the Covid-19 outbreak a pandemic and urged countries to take precautionary measures, the Nepal government decided to temporarily stop issuing on-arrival tourist visas to nationals of all countries.

It also barred all spring mountaineering expeditions, including attempts on Everest. On March 24, Nepal imposed a complete lockdown.

Passenger flow in 2020 was close to the 2003 figure when 1 million people travelled through TIA, according to the statistics of the airport.

Traffic has dropped only twice since 2003-in 2015 when the country was struck by a killer earthquake, and again in 2019 when airport operating hours were shortened for runway and taxiway maintenance during the peak travel season.

From April to August 2019, the runway was closed for renovation for 10 hours daily from 10 pm to 8 am the next day. The renovation of the 3,050-metre runway was done in the middle of the tourist high season in Nepal.

Again, from September to December, the second peak season, the airport was closed for 7 hours daily-from 11:30 pm to 6:30 am the next day.

In 2020 when the coronavirus paralysed the country along with the rest of the world, TIA was completely shut down from March to July except for repatriation and emergency flights.

Officials said the airport incurred a loss of Rs4.50 billion due to reduced passenger numbers in the last fiscal year ended mid-July 2020.

“In the previous fiscal year 2018-19, the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal earned revenues totalling Rs9 billion from TIA. In the last fiscal year 2019-20, revenues dropped 50 percent to Rs4.50 billion,” said Jagannath Niraula, finance director at the civil aviation body.

The airport had anticipated revenues to climb to Rs10.50 billion this fiscal year following the launch of the Visit Nepal 2020 promotional campaign and resultant higher passenger traffic.

“But losses this fiscal year are expected to be bigger than in the last fiscal year,” said Niraula.

The entire tourism industry took a direct hit from virus-triggered flight and passenger restrictions. The Nepal Tourism Board saw its revenues evaporate as visitors stopped coming.

The country’s tourism promotional body collects a tourist service fee of Rs1,130 from each departing foreign passenger at TIA, which piles up to around Rs1.30 billion annually.

“It was a historic slump in passenger numbers last year. We don’t see passengers returning to pre-Covid levels this year,” said Pratap Babu Tiwari, general manager at Tribhuvan International Airport.

An average of 11,338 international travellers used to pass through the airport daily before Covid-19. “The daily average passenger numbers have dropped to 3,000 now,” said Tiwari.

“There are few inbound tourists and outbound students and migrant workers,” he said. “However, we are hoping that traveller movement will increase slightly in mid-2021 when enough people have been vaccinated.”

A breakdown by airline shows that Nepal Airlines saw the highest passenger carriage in 2019. The national flag carrier, however, witnessed a 62.77 percent drop in passenger numbers last year when it flew 273,905 passengers.

Doha-based Qatar Airways took the second spot, flying 150,982 passengers, down 67.32 percent from 2019.

Nepali private carrier Himalaya Airlines jumped to the third place from the seventh place with 90,044 passengers, despite recording a 48.95 percent fall in passenger numbers.

Dubai-based low-cost carrier saw its passenger carriage drop 73.63 percent, but still managed to retain its spot among the top four. The airline flew 72,422 passengers in 2020.

Another low-cost carrier Air Arabia flew 68,238 passengers last year, down 70.19 percent. India’s low-cost carrier Indigo Air saw its passenger number drop by 70.78 percent. It flew 46,926 passengers.

India’s flag carrier Air India saw the strongest passenger drop. The airline flew 43,610 passengers in 2020, down 82.90 percent.

On December 17, flights between Kathmandu and New Delhi, India resumed under the air bubble agreement after a nine-month break.

China Southern Airlines had made it to the top five in terms of passenger carriage to Nepal for the first time in 2019 by flying 200,003 passengers. But in 2020, the figure dropped 90 percent to 20,776 passengers.

International passenger traffic

Airlines 2019 2020 Change (in%)

Nepal Airlines 735,835 273,905 -62.77

Qatar Airways 462,039 150,982 -67.32

Himalaya Airline 176,392 90,044 -48.95

Fly Dubai 274,688 72,422 -73.63

Air Arabia 228,929 68,238 -70.19

Indigo Air 160,617 46,926 -70.78

Air India 255,058 43,610 -82.90

Malindo Air 179,011 42,294 -76.37

Malaysian Airlines 95,292 29,647 -68.88

Thai Airways 169,823 27,813 -83.62

(Source: Tribhuvan International Airport)

Published by HT Digital Content Services with permission from

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